Ultimate Guide to the AP Calculus AB Exam 2024 (2024)

Ultimate Guide to the AP Calculus AB Exam 2024 (1)

Brooke Elkjer9AP Guides

What’s Covered:

  • What Does the AP Calculus AB Exam Cover?
  • Sample AP Calculus AB Exam Questions
  • AP Calculus AB Exam Score Distribution, Average Score, and Passing Rate
  • Tips for Preparing for the Exam
  • How Will Your AP Scores Affect Your College Chances?

AP Calculus is a popular course for high schoolers, particularly those planning to pursue a college education. Hundreds of thousands of high schoolers each year study to obtain a passing/high score on the AP Calculus AB Exam so that they can “test out” of math distribution requirements in the early university years and save time and money.

In 2022, over 250,000 of the 1.2 million students taking AP exams took the AP Calculus AB exam. This places it among the top 4 most popular AP exams. If you are interested in taking the AP Calculus AB exam, whether you have taken the class or are planning to self-study, read on for a breakdown of the test and advice on how to best prepare for it.

What Does the AP Calculus AB Exam Cover?

The purpose of the AP Calculus AB exam is to test your knowledge of specific “big concepts” that you have learned either through taking the AP Calculus AB course or through self-study.

The “big concepts” of AB Calculus, as defined by College Board, are:

  • Limits
  • Derivatives
  • Integrals and the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus

With regard to limits, students should be comfortable with computing limits, including one-sided limits, limits at infinity, the limit of a sequence, and infinite limits. The exam will also test each student’s ability to estimate the limit of a function at a point and apply limits to understand the behavior of a function near a point.

With regard to derivatives, students should be comfortable with finding the slope of a tangent line to a graph at a point and using a graph to determine whether a function is increasing or decreasing. Students should also be able to find concavity and find extreme values. Additionally, the exam will require students to solve problems involving rectilinear motion.

Finally, with regard to integrals, students should be able to use various techniques and methods to approximate an integral. Students should also be familiar with area, volume, and motion applications of integrals, as well as with the use of the definite integral as an accumulation function.

How Long Is the AP Calculus AB Exam? What Is the Format?

The AP Calculus AB exam is one of the longest AP exams, clocking in at three hours and 15 minutes. It has two sections. The first section contains 45 multiple choice questions, spans one hour and 45 minutes, and accounts for 50% of your total score. The second section consists of six free response questions, spans one hour and 30 minutes, and accounts for the remaining 50% of your score.

Each section is divided into two parts, Part A and Part B. Students are permitted to use calculators during one part and not allowed to use them during the other.


Skill Assessed

Types of Question

Number of Questions

Scoring Weight

Section I, Part A

Multiple Choice without Graphing Calculator

Algebraic, exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric, and general types of functions



Section I, Part B

Multiple Choice with Graphing Calculator

Analytical, graphical, tabular, and verbal types of representations



Section II, Part A

Free Response with Graphing Calculator

Various types of functions and function representations and a roughly equal mix of procedural and conceptual tasks



Section II, Part B

Free Response without Graphing Calculator

Questions that incorporate a real-world context or scenario into the question



Can I Use a Calculator?

While taking the AP Calculus AB exam, you may use a scientific calculator on Part B of the multiple choice section and on Part A of the free response section. Your calculator should be able to plot the graph of a function within an arbitrary viewing window, find the zeros of functions, numerically calculate the derivative of a function, and numerically calculate the value of a definite integral. More information and a list of acceptable calculator models can be found in the official Calculator Policy.

Sample AP Calculus AB Exam Questions

Multiple Choice: Section I, Part A

Note: A calculator may not be used on questions on this part of the exam.

1. The graphs of the functions f and g are shown above. The value of is

(A) 1

(B) 2

(C) 3

(D) nonexistent


(A) 6

(B) 2

(C) 1

(D) 0

Multiple Choice: Section I, Part B

Note: A graphing calculator is required for some questions on this part of the exam.

1. The derivative of the function f is given by

At what values of x does f have a relative minimum on the interval 0 < x < 3?

(A) 1.094 and 2.608

(B) 1.798

(C) 2.372

(D) 2.493

2. The second derivative of a function g is given by

For -5 < x < 5, on what open intervals is the graph of g concave up?

(A) -5 < x < -1.016 only

(B) -1.016 < x < 5 only

(C) 0.463 < x < 2.100 only

(D) -5 < x < 0.463 and 2.100 < x < 5

Free Response: Section II, Part A

Note: A graphing calculator is required for problems on this part of the exam.

1. Let R be the region in the first quadrant bounded by the graph of g, and let S be the region in the first quadrant between the graphs of f and g, as shown in the figure above. The region in the first quadrant bounded by the graph of f and the coordinate axes has area 12.142. The function g is given by and the function f is not explicitly given. The graphs of f and g intersect at the point (4,0).

(A) Find the area of S.

(B) A solid is generated when S is revolved about the horizontal line y = 5. Write, but do not evaluate, an expression involving one or more integrals that gives the volume of the solid.

(C) Region R is the base of an art sculpture. At all points in R at a distance x from the y-axis, the height of the sculpture is given by h(x) = 4 – x. Find the volume of the art sculpture.

Free Response: Section II, Part B


Rochelle rode a stationary bicycle. The number of rotations per minute of the wheel of the stationary bicycle at time t minutes during Rochelle’s ride is modeled by a differentiable function r for 0 ≤ t ≤ 9 minutes. Values of r(t) for selected values of t are shown in the table above.

(A) Estimate r’(4). Show the computations that lead to your answer. Indicate units of measure.

(B) Is there a time t, for 3 ≤ t ≤ 5 at which r(t) is 106 rotations per minute? Justify your answer.

(C) Use a left Riemann sum with the four subintervals indicated by the data in the table to approximate Using correct units, explain the meaning of in the context of the problem.

(D) Sarah also rode a stationary bicycle. The number of rotations per minute of the wheel of the stationary bicycle at time t minutes during Sarah’s ride is modeled by the function s, defined by for 0 ≤ t ≤ 9 minutes. Find the average number of rotations per minute of the wheel of the stationary bicycle for 0 ≤ t ≤ 9 minutes.

AP Calculus AB Exam Score Distribution, Average Score, and Passing Rate

While many exam distributions fall along a bell curve, with the majority of students receiving a score of 3, the AP Calculus AB exam shows a flatter distribution. Simply put, many students do well and many students do poorly. In 2022:

  • 20.4% of test-takers received a 5
  • 16.1% of test-takers received a 4
  • 19.1% of test-takers received a 3
  • 22.6% of test-takers received a 2
  • 21.7% of test-takers received a 1

This means that 55.6% of students who took the exam received a 3 or higher (typically considered passing).

Note: The credit you will receive for AP exam scores varies widely from school to school. For example, prestigious schools (and even prestigious programs at schools) might accept only a 4 or a 5 to receive course credit. Though a score of 3 is typically considered passing, it’s not always enough. You can use this search tool to see what scores will allow you to receive credit at a specific college or university.

Tips for Preparing for the Exam

Step 1: Assess Your Skills

Take a practice test to assess your initial knowledge of the material. It’s important to know where you are, so that you know how far you need to go.

Keep in mind that Calculus is an age-old study, so you can use practice tests from before you were even born and you’ll be assessing/learning just the same!

There are a couple of options for taking practice tests:

  • Print a practice exam and self-proctor
  • Use a diagnostic test offered through a commercial study guide
  • Talk to your teacher about proctoring a practice exam after school or over the span of a few lunch periods

The 2012 exam has been openly published by the College Board and might be a good place to start. The College Board also has free response questions from the last few decades published online, though you should note that these are not complete assessments.

Once you have taken your formative assessment, score it to identify the areas you already understand and those in need of improvement.

Note: When grading the free response portion of the exam, make sure you grade yourself based on the rubric! Act like you are an AP scorer, scrutinizing and nitpicking every portion of your answer. The little points add up, and your area of improvement could very well be “needing to show my work.”

Step 2: Study the Material

After taking your assessment, you should be able to identify areas that need improvement. These areas could be related to content—not knowing which technique should be used to approximate which type of integral or not understanding the relationship between concavity and limits on a graph. Alternatively, the areas you struggle with might have more to do with form—like struggling to read graphs or conceptualize tables.

Identify your areas for improvement, write them down, and focus on one area during each study session. Look over your mistakes and put in the work to understand them. Watch videos online about specific concepts, read sections in books about them, and talk to your friends and classmates about them.

Then do it again and again and again until the areas you struggle with become areas you excel in.

Some students choose to use commercial study guides when studying. This can be extremely beneficial, depending on your learning style. That said, if you choose to use a commercial study guide, use it in conjunction with your initial assessment. Study books are divided into sections organized around both big and small concepts. Don’t get stuck reading a guide front to back and don’t waste time on content that you have already mastered!

Lastly, you might consider looking into the free resources that are available online! For decades, AP teachers have been publicly posting complete study guides, review sheets, and test questions. Use these for your benefit.

Step 3: Practice Multiple Choice Questions

Once you feel like you’ve mastered the concepts you initially struggled with, put them into action by answering some multiple choice practice questions.

The College Board provides a set of sample questions with scoring explanations. Additionally, the College Board Course Description includes many practice multiple choice questions along with explanations of their answers. As you go through these, try to keep track of which areas are still tripping you up, and go over those concepts again until you have a better grasp on them. Focus on understanding what each question is asking and keep a running list of any vocabulary that is still unfamiliar to you.

Step 4: Practice Free Response Questions

When you score your own formative assessment, you will notice that every step you take to arrive at a solution to a free response question must be clearly notated for the exam reader. Even if you use your calculator to solve an equation, compute a numerical derivative, or find a definite integral, write the equation, derivative, or integral first. Otherwise, you can lose little points—and little points add up!

The free response portion of the AP Calculus AB exam tests your ability to solve problems using an extended chain of reasoning. In most cases, an answer without supporting work will receive no credit. This means that, as you answer practice free response questions, you are not just practicing getting the right answer, but getting the right answer in the right way!

You can get a better understanding of the free response section’s scoring by reading scoring commentary from the Development Committee and authentic examples of student responses and their scoring explanations from previous exam administrations.

Step 5: Take Another Practice Test

Every couple of weeks, when you are feeling confident or when you just want to see your progress, we recommend that you take another complete practice test. This will allow you to see which areas have improved the most and which areas still need improvement. Taking new practice tests at some interval will serve as a progress report of sorts.

Step 6: Exam Day Specifics

In 2024, the AP Calculus AB Exam will be administered on Monday, May 13 at 8 AM local time. The day before, make sure you have everything you need, and then focus on getting a good night’s sleep. Studies show that being well-rested is far more likely to lead to improved performance than last-minute cramming!

How Will Your AP Scores Affect Your College Chances?

WhileAP scores themselves don’t play a major role in the college admissions process, having AP classes on your transcript can be a crucial part of your application, especially at highly selective institutions. College admissions officers want to see that you enjoy challenging yourself intellectually, and that you’re capable of handling college-level coursework, and taking AP classes demonstrates both of those qualities.

The main benefit of scoring high on AP exams comes once you land at your dream school, as high scores can allow you to “test out” of entry-level requirements, often called GE requirements or distribution requirements. This will save you time and money.

If you’re starting to think about what schools you should apply to, we recommend that you use CollegeVine’s free chancing engine. This tool will consider your test scores, GPA, extracurriculars, and more, to calculate your chances of acceptance at various schools and to help you decide where to apply. Itcan also give you suggestions for how to boost your chances of acceptance—for example, by taking more AP classes in your junior or senior year.

Ultimate Guide to the AP Calculus AB Exam 2024 (2024)


What is the format for the AP Calculus exam 2024? ›

The Nuts and Bolts of the AP Calculus Exams

Both the AB and BC AP Calculus exams are structured the same way: A 30-question no-calculator multiple-choice section given over 60 minutes. A 15-question calculator-allowed multiple-choice section given over 45 minutes.

What percent to get a 5 on AP Calc AB? ›

For an AP exam, getting a score of 5 usually means you've scored around 70% to 80% on the test, but it can vary. The College Board adjusts scores each year based on how everyone does, so there's no fixed percentage.

What is the hardest unit in AP Calc AB? ›

According to the College Board's data, the Composite, Implicit, and Inverse Functions unit is considered the most challenging for students in the multiple-choice section of the AP Calculus AB exam. Approximately 11% of students received a score of zero on questions related to this unit in the AP Calculus AB exam 2022.

What is a 60% on an AP test? ›

Yes, a 60 is considered a passing grade in AP classes. In AP, the average passing rate is 60-70%.

How rare is a 5 in AP Calc? ›

Like many other students, you might be curious to see how well you scored on the overall spectrum. In the 2023 AP Calculus AB score distributions, you'll find that 22.39% of students scored a 5. Additionally, 16.18% of students scored a 4, and 19.4% of students scored a 3.

Is a 70 a 5 on the AP exam? ›

Usually, a 70 to 75 percent out of 100 translates to a 5. However, there are some exams that are exceptions to this rule of thumb. The AP Grades that are reported to students, high schools, colleges, and universities in July are on AP's five-point scale: 5: Extremely well qualified.

What is a 50% on the AP Calc exam? ›

A 50% is considered a 3 or passing. This is when your AP credit is considered in colleges for being qualified, well qualified or extremely well qualified.

Is AP Calc AB or BC harder? ›

AP Calculus BC is more difficult than AP Calculus AB. Not only does it include additional topics, which requires an accelerated pace, but the additional units, especially Unit 10, tend to be more difficult than the Calc AB units.

Are AP tests curved? ›

AP test scores are indeed "curved," but it's more accurate to call it a "scaling process." Instead of a traditional curve that compares your performance to other students' performance, the AP exam scaling process converts your raw score (the number of points you earned through multiple-choice questions and free- ...

What is the longest AP Exam? ›

It's important to be prepared for the length of AP exams, as they can be quite demanding. Generally, most AP exams are approximately 3 hours long. There isn't one specific AP test that stands out as being significantly longer than the others.

What is the oldest AP Exam? ›

The pilot program for AP exams was launched in 1952 and tested high schoolers in 11 subjects. In 1954, around 530 high school students took AP exams. They paid $10 to take the test and received scores on a scale of 1-5. A year later, the College Board took over testing and launched the AP program as we know it today.

How many people fail AP Calc AB? ›

The passing rate for AP® Calculus AB is higher than average at around 58.4%. This is helpful to know if you are planning to use your AP® Calculus AB exam score for college credit. Assuming you have an aptitude for math, you would have over a 50% chance of passing with a score of 3 or better.

Is AP Calc AB harder than precalc? ›

It typically requires a fair amount of time and effort, especially when it comes to understanding complex mathematical concepts and solving problems accurately. However, it's generally considered to be less challenging than, say, AP Calculus AB or BC, or AP Physics.

How is the AP Calc test format? ›

The AP Calculus AB exam has 51 questions in total. The exam is divided into two sections: Section I contains 45 multiple-choice questions, and Section II contains 6 free-response questions. The entire exam is 3 hours and 15 minutes long.

How long is the AP Calc BC exam in 2024? ›

How long Is the Calculus BC AP exam? The total duration of the AP Calculus BC Exam is 3 hours and 15 minutes. The exam is divided into two sections: multiple-choice and free-response, each with a specific time allotment.

What is the format of the AP exam? ›

AP exams take between 2–3 hours to complete and are broken into two sections: multiple choice and free response. The amount of questions per section and the time allotted varies per test subject.

Is the AP Calc exam curved? ›

Why are AP® Calculus AB scores curved? The scores on AP® exams are curved every year by the College Board to preserve consistency and standardize student performance. Courses, AP® Calculus AB included, are essentially college-level subjects.


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